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Code No.,

Course title

 Course description - Tutor – Hours

ΙΙ 04



Historical Studies


The course aims to make the students well acquainted with the basic ideas of historical studies (time, place, event, structures, sources, etc) and their methodology (use and evaluation of sources, archival research, etc). It also focuses on current debates about history, as well as its most recent fields of interest. We will also examine the historical formation of the notion of historical studies and their current position within humanities and social sciences. In short, the main purpose of the course is to familiarize the students with different kinds of historical sources, their critical reading, and the writing of historical papers.

e-class: ARCH 508 (https://eclass.uoa.gr/courses/ARCH508/)

D. Lampropoulou, 3 hours

ΙΙ 10

Ancient History A

From the end of the Mycenaean world to the end of the Peloponnesian War

The course will focus on the evolution of the ancient Greek world during the Archaic period, the appearance of the polis-state and her organization, and the most significant characteristics of this period: legislation, colonization, and tyranny. We will also examine the transition to the Classical period and the relevant developments as well as the conflict with the Achaemenids, the hegemony of Athens and the final confrontation with Sparta.

E. Psoma, 3 hοurs


ΙΙ 13

Βyzantine History Α

Byzantine History from the 4th to the 11th Century

This course introduces the students to the history of Byzantium from the fourth to the eleventh century, focusing on selected aspects of the empire’s history, while adhering to a basic chronological frame. The course examines the structure of the Byzantine state (as well as challenges and changes to that structure), political ideology, religious developments as well as specific topics of economic and cultural history, military and cultural interactions with neighbors.

K. Nikolaou, 3 hours

ΙΙ 17

Early Modern Greek History Α

The socio-economic, cultural and national development of Greeks and the Greek diaspora from the fall of Constantinople to the early 19th century.

V. Seirinidou, 3 hours



I. Compulsory

ΙΙ 29

Methodological Problems of


Methodological Problems of History

How does the past turn into history? How do we create cohesive, meaningful histories out of the chaotic events and phenomena of past times? Is history the sole way in which modern societies relate to the past? What is the role of myth, memory, art? What is public history? What is historical experience? Dominant trends in historical thought: Historicism and social history, structuralism and the longues durées, from culture to cultural history, micro-history and social anthropology, mnemonic studies, oral history and psychoanalysis, feminism and gender history, meta-history and the linguistic turn. Postmodernism and the problem of truth. Transnational history and historiography. What “the end of history” means and what are the prospects for historical studies and for historians?

V. Karamanolakis, 3 hours


ΙΙ 25

Ancient History C


Introduction and Overview of Roman History from the Early Years to Diocletian

Overview of the evolution of Roman history from the foundation of Rome to the tetrarchy of Diocletian (753 BC–305 A.D). In this term, the main weight of the lectures will fall on the following issues:

  • The constitution, the political institutions and the social organization of Republican Rome.
  • The expansion of Rome in Italy and the Mediterranean Sea.
  • The crisis of the Roman Republic.
  • The establishment of the Augustan Principate.
  • The administrative and social organization of the Roman Empire.
  • The crisis of the 3rd century AD.

 e-class: https://eclass.uoa.gr/courses/ARCH701/

N. Giannakopoulos, 3 hours


ΙΙ 19 Early Modern European History B

Early Modern Western Societies (16th – 18th centuries).

Social stratification and economic organization, power relations, cultural traditions and collective mentalities, questions of identity construction (social, gender, religious, ethnic, national). Aspects of the socio-economic and political transformation of Western societies, 1500-1700. Τhe course is supported by a webpage.                                      

C. Gaganakis, 3 hours


ΙΙ 03 Introduction to World History

Major phenomena and crucial moments in the evolution of human societies from the early years to the present. The course relies on extensive use of maps, primary sources, texts, music, as well as slides. The course includes a two-hour tutorial.                                                                     

Μ. Efthymiou 3 hours


II 31 Modern Greek History B


The course examines the major political, social and economic developments in modern Greek history from the Goudi movement (1909) to the entry of Greece into the Second World War (1940). The phenomena of Venizelism and bourgeois modernization, the rural economy, the economic crisis of the 1930s, and the Metaxas dictatorship will be, among several other topics, thoroughly analyzed. The lessons will be supplemented by the reading of primary sources and by visits to museums and other historical sites of memory.

Sp. Ploumidis, 3 hours



 II. Optional Courses

IIa. Optional seminar courses


SI 71

Ancient History

Sources on the Greek polis in the Roman Period.

  • The seminar will focus on the examination of primary historical sources (literary, epigraphic, legal sources) for the Greek polis under Roman rule. The following issues will be addressed:
  • The role of the Council and the Popular Assembly in the civic life of Greek poleis under Roman rule
  • The various magistracies in the Greek cities
  • The significance of gymnasial, professional and religious associations
  • The significance of euergetism and the award of honours
  • The award of Roman citizenship and the integration of civic elites in the administrative and social hierarchy of the Roman Empire     e-class: https://eclass.uoa.gr/courses/ARCH706/

N. Giannakopoulos, 3 hours


SI 160 Byzantine History

Questions of the social history during the byzantine period

The seminar deals with some of the main questions of the social history during the byzantine period (10th-15th.cent.) such as:

  • The byzantine family
  • Childhood and youth
  • The byzantine Saint
  • Urban space and social relations
  • Social groups
  • Byzantine identities

Kiousopoulou, 3 hours

SI 75 Byzantine History               

Byzantine diplomacy during the Palaeologan era (1261-1453)

The Palaeologan era is characterized by an intense diplomatic activity and drastic changes in the way that diplomacy was conducted. As under the gravity of the new circumstances diplomatic practices deviated distinctly from previous Byzantine tradition, diplomacy during the Palaeologan period is proven crucial and at the same time intricate. The goal of the seminar is to familiarize students with characteristic sources of this period, Byzantine and Western, the basic bibliography on the subject, Greek and non-Greek, as well as with the methods and means of scholarly research.


S. Mergiali-Sahas, 3 hours



Medieval European History


From family to market: Family commercial networks in the Western Meditteranean

The courses focus mainly on the way in which large family business’ networks used to operate. Having as a starting point the archival sources of the recording of the trade movements that are being saved from the French South, we will attempt to understand all the different ways in which traders operated during that period of time. In addition to that, we will continue with a further investigation of  their account’s books. These sources signify the great transition from a limited past to the more complex and broad future.

"Modern" methods of recording financial data. The beginning of capitalism?


N. Giantsi-Meletiadi, 3 hours

SI 214

History of the Ottoman Empire

The Orthodox subjects of the Ottoman Empire between religious communities (millets) and nations (ca 1830-1923)

The seminary focuses on the description ans analysis of the legal status, the political organization, the ideological orirntations, as well as the social stratification and the economic situation in which were living the Orthodox subjects of the Ottoman Sultans during the period that begins with the foundation of the national Greek State (1830) and  ends with the dissolution ao the Empire at 1923. Particular interest will be accorded to the orthodox Ottoman subjects living in Southeastern Europe and Anatolia and were, as members of the Greek nation, claimed by Greek nationalism.

                The Orthodox Ottoman subjects were, at the beginning of the 19th century,  under the authority of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Constantinople and belonged, according to the Ottoman legal order, to a religious community recognised by the Ottoman state (Greek-Orthodox millet  or  Rum milleti), independently of their ethnic origins, maternal language, geographical distribution or social strata.

                The dramatic changes that took place in the Ottoman Empire at various levels already at the first half of the century (Tanzimat), will give rise to considerable changes in the Greek-Orthodox Community, creating new social strata and initiating new ideological and political orientations, i.e nationalist. Finally, special attentioon will be accorded to the mechanisms, by which Greek nationalism was spread among the above mentioned populations.


P. Konortas, 3 hours



Early Modern Greek History

Archival Sources and Research

This seminar course will focus on the use of historical data from historical archives. At first students will be introduced to source reading, classification of historical material and the functioning of archives. Then they will work for a total of 30 hours (one week / five working days) in historical archives in Athens where, supervised by the course professor as well as other historians and by archivists, they will deal with the classification of archival works and cataloging. At the end, they will be asked to write a seminar paper on the basis with the archival material they became acquainted with.


M. Efthymiou, 3 hours



Early Modern European History

Hunting Witches in the West, 1550-1750

The magical universe of early modern Europe. Elite and popular perceptions and uses of witchcraft in daily life. The homogenizing persecuting discourse of the lay and ecclesiastical elites and popular perceptions of witchcraft. Sabbath and maleficium. The reaction of communities and the instrumentalization of witchcraft. The question of gender in the witch-hunts. Witchcraft, poverty and marginalization. Objections to the existence of witches and sorcerers and reactions to the witch-hunts, from Johann Weyer to Reginald Scot. Τhe course is supported by a webpage.


C. Gaganakis, 3 hours


210 Modern European History:

Europe during the First World War


The seminar deals with the political, military, geopolitical, socio-economic and cultural origins/aspects of the “Great War” in Europe and the impact on the European continent in world context.

Requirements for attendance, a good working knowledge of English and successful previous attendance of the course II14, Modern European History A.


K. Raptis, 3 hours




SI 18


and Contemporary Greek History

The Constitutional History of Greece: 20th Century

The course examines the function of the Constitution in 20th century Greece. Emphasis will be placed on the role of the Constitution in the European countries, on the constitutional reforms of 1911, 1927, 1952 and 1975, on the various proposals for constitutional reforms, and on the impact of the two major cleavages (the National Rift and the civil war) which caused the Greek “crisis of institutions” in 1915-1974.


Ε. Hatzivassiliou, 3 hours



IIb. Optional courses, non seminars


II 95

Byzantine History

Βyzantine society during the Palaeologan period.

A survey of the period 1261-1453 focused on the main features of the byzantine society during the Palaeologan period (13th-15th.cent.) such as:

  • The aristocracy as the ruling class
  • Social relations and the land
  • The byzantine cities
  • 3α. Urban space and social relations
  • 3β. The development of the urban economic activities.
  • Relations between the State and the Church
  • A monastic world

Kiousopoulou, 3 hours

ΙΙ 128

The grand strategy of the Byzantine empire: 6th-11th century


The Byzantine Empire, a superpower from the 6th to the 11th c., was the longest living center of international power and influence in the history of the Western civilization, which distinguished itself as no other power in the art of geopolitical survival.  Retaining the Roman ecumenical ideology, although with a radically different geopolitical orientation after 476, the Byzantine Empire, through the grand strategy of a combination of military power and diplomacy, succeeded in facing successfully simultaneous threats on many fronts and promoting successfully an international order of things based on the byzantine civilization. The absolute doctrine of this high strategy had to do with avoiding conflicts and securing achievements using a variety of diplomatic means.

S. Mergiali-Sahas, 3 hours


II 120

History of the Ottoman Empire

Introduction to Islamic History (7th-14th cent.)

The aim of the course is to provide the basic elements concerning the history of the Arab-Islamic world from the birth of Islam (7th century) till the birth of the Ottoman state (end of the 13th century). Many elements of the Arab-Islamic civilization will be eventually adopted by different Turkic peoples, after their islamization that was achieved almost at the beginning of the 11th century. The same elements will be spread later by the Ottomans in other areas like in Southeastern Europe.

The course will focus mainly on issues such as the situation in the Arabic Peninsula before the birth of Islam, the factors that leaded to the apparition and the propagation of this new religion, the Arab conquests and their impact, Islam as religion, the institution of the Caliphate, the Islamic Law, the Αrab-Islamic society and its evolution, the Arab-Islamic civilization and its interferences with other civilizations, the development of sciences in the Arab-Islamic world, as well as the Arab-Islamic literature. Particular reference will be given to the conditions that leaded to the political fragmentation of the Arab-Islamic world that begun during the 9th century and to the appearance of the Turkic peoples in the political scene of the Middle East, till the 14th century.

P. Konortas, 3hours


ΙΙ 110

History of the Ottoman Empire (15th - 18th cent.)




The aim of the course is to provide an introduction to the history of the Ottoman Empire, from the emergence of the Ottoman state in western Anatolia (13th cent.) until the last years of the 18th cent. The course will focus on the Ottoman methods of conquest and the gradual transformation of the Ottoman state into an imperial power. The political organization, the methods of governance, the social stratification, the economic system and the political orientation of the Empire will be at the core of this course.  The course will also examine the urban transformation and the “ottomanization” of urban space. The analysis of the religious communities of the empire and the millet system in the imperial framework will be of particular interest.

                The course will also focus on the transition of the Ottoman Empire from the “classical age” to the modern period, the challenges that the Ottoman state faced, the economic, political and social shifts that occurred during the period, of transition the relationships with the European states and the ideological background of the first attempts for the implementation of reforms.


A. Moiras, 3 hours


ΙΙ 142

Modern European History

The European economy from the late 19th till the end of the 20th century

The course is an introduction to the economic history of Europe from the time of the second industrial revolution and the consolidation of the global economic dominance of the (western) European States up to the age of globalization, as Europe (as European Union) continues to be a key, but no longer the dominant pillar of the global economy. It examines the ideological-political terms and the demographic, social, technological and institutional conditions of economic developments and changes, accentuating the differences and convergences within Europe, as well as the global dimension and role of the European economy. Especially, the course focuses on the economic conditions caused by the two world wars, the establishment and collapse of  'socialism ' in Russia/Eastern Europe and the economic policies, that were formed around the State and the market (free economy) characterized by the greater involvement of the State as interventionistic, managerial and redistributive mechanism of the European economies during most of the 20th century.


K. Raptis, 3 hours


II 88


and Contemporary Greek Political History


The Greek political system, 1929-1967

An examination of the evolution of the Greek political system from the Great Depression of the 1930s until the imposition of the military dictatorship in 1967. The course will examine the political forces and their evolution, the causes of the collapse of Greek democracy in 1936, the post-war elections, the search for new orientations and development strategies in the post-war era, the influence of international ideological trends, the influence of the Greek civil war and the post-civil war realities, and the causes for the overthrow of democracy in 1967. Moreover, the course shall discuss the convergences and divergences between the Greek and Western European post-war political systems, especially France and Italy.


Ε. Hatzivassiliou, 3 hours


II 136

Modern and Contemporary History

China in the 20th century: political system and foreign relations

This course will discuss the political system and foreign relations of China during the 20th century. It will examine the collapse of the Chinese Empire, the rise of nationalism and communism after the establishment of the Chinese Republic, relations between Guomindang and the CCP, China’s involvement in the global conflicts of 1914-1945, as well as the role of foreign intervention in the outcome of the Chinese Civil Wars of 1927-1949. Furthermore, the course will examine Mao’s rise and consolidation to power, the impact of his political, social, and economic policies and the modernization of China’s economy since Mao’s death in 1976. The course will also discuss China’s foreign policy during the Cold War and the early post-Cold War era.


E. Koumas, 3 hours






Code no.  –

Course title

Course description – Tutor – Hours

ΙΙ 11

Ancient History Β


The late-classical and hellenistic periods.

Part A: From the end of Peloponnesian war to the death of Philip II. Part B: Introduction to and overview of the period from Alexander to the complete political subjection of the hellenistic states (336-30 BC).                                  

e-class: ARCH538


S. Aneziri, 3 hours


ΙΙ 21

Byzantine History Β





Byzantine history 1081-1453

A survey of the period 1081-1453 focused on the main features of the byzantine society and the social changes observed during the late byzantine period.

This survey will deal with the following topics:

1.The imperial power. The dignities. The administration of the empire

2.The agrarian policy of the emperors. Social relations and the land

3. The emergence and the consolidation of the aristocracy as the ruling class

4.The byzantine cities

5. The development of the urban economic activities.

6. Relations between the State and the Church

7. The collective identities of the Byzantines


A. Kiousopoulou, 3 hours



ΙΙ 12

Medieval European History Α



Introduction to the Medieval History of the West (5th - 15th c.)


Drawing on certain political, social and economic history issues during the period under consideration, the course will focus on the changes taking place within the medieval European environment, especially between the 11th and the 15th centuries.

N. Giantsi-Meletiadi, 3 hours


ΙΙ 14

Modern European History Α

Introduction to the History of Modern Europe, 1789-1989

The course focuses on major aspects of the economic, political and social history of Europe, from the French Revolution to the downfall of “actually existing socialism” in Eastern Europe.


M. Papathanassiou, 3 hours (A-Ma)

Κ. Raptis, 3 hours (Mε-Ω)


ΙΙ 18

Modern Greek History    A


Greek state and society (19th-early 20th century)

                The course introduces students to the main political, social and cultural developments that characterized the first century of Greece as an independent state, from 1830 until the first decades of the 20th century, when Greece entered a new phase both in a national and an international level. We will examine the formation of political forces and the construction of political institutions, the history of social relations and social classes, the evolution of towns and cities and the respective urban network, the social and productive functioning of the countryside, the role of shipping enterprise, the first attempts of the industrial sector, the growth of educational institutions, the workings of national ideology and the contemporary ideological ferment. The above mentioned subjects will be situated in their European and Balkan contexts.

e-class: https://eclass.uoa.gr/courses/ARCH353/


D. Lampropoulou, 3 hours



History of the Post World War World I


History of the Post World War World I


The course examines the post-war history of international relations with a focus on its three main processes: Cold War, Decolonization and the rise of the Third World, European unification.


E. Koumas, 3 hours




I. Compulsory


ΙΙ 30

Early Modern Greek History B



History of the Greek Territories during the Venetian Period (13th-18th centuries).

Political environment, ideology, administrative institutions and ecclesiastical policy, social stratification and groupings, economic activities, cultural life.


K. Konstandinidou, 3 hours


II 24

History of the Ottoman Empire ΙΙ

History of the Late Ottoman Empire and of the Early Turkish State (19th cent. – 1946)

The course will focus at first on the process that leaded towards a -partial at least- westernization of the empire and the Reforms (Tanzimat), that touched the legal framework as well as fields such as society, economy, politics, ideology, literature and arts. During the same period the infiltration of the European Christian states in the Ottoman economy and politics increased at a great scale. Particular references will be given οn the legal, social and economic status of the non Muslim Ottoman subjects during the same period (with special references to the millet system and particularly to the Greek-Orthodox millet), as well as on the appearance and spread of nationalist movements of the Ottoman Empire, including Turkish nationalism. The last ideology, that spread particularly during the events that marked the years 1920-1922, will become the main factor of construction of the Turkish national state that succeeded the Ottoman Empire in 1923. Finally, the course will examine the main structures of  the Turkish state and the Turkish society during the period 1923-1946, called “the single party period”.


P. Konortas, 3 hours



History of the Post-War World

History of the Post-War World

The course discusses the postwar history of international relations, focusing on three processes: the Cold War, decolonization and European integration.


E. Κoumas, 3 hours



II. Optional


a. Optional seminar  courses


SI 95

Ancient Greek History

Ancient Greek History and its Sources


The seminar introduces the different sources for Ancient Greek History, their use, and how these can be interpreted and combined. Literary testimonia, papyri, inscriptions concerning public and private life, coins and archaeological data are examined together with the aim of a more complete approach and interpretation of the ancient Greek world.

E. Psoma, 3 hours


SI 161

Byzantine History

Center and off-centers of power in Byzantium (fifth - eleventh century)

The emperor was the cornerstone of the Byzantine political system. God’s chosen ruler, with whom all powers resided, he had total control over the entire state apparatus. However, the gradually established institutions of co-rulership and regency, as well as emperors either uninterested in the exercise of power in any meaningful way or who were weak rulers by nature, allowed a shift in the center of power towards other individuals, groups of people or even the women’s quarters within the Great Palace.

Participants in the seminar will study cases, dating from the fifth to the eleventh century, in which: i) emperors were swayed by favorite ministers (paradynasteuontes) or powerful officials (Basil Lakapenos, Bardas etc.), ii) apart from the supreme ruler, a second center of power operated behind the throne, taking important decisions (Theodora, wife of Justinian), iii) women would take the initiative, when the throne was temporarily empty, in order to promote their own favorites to the imperial office (Ariadne, Pulcheria, Zoe Porphyrogenita, Eudokia Makrembolitissa etc.), iv) during a regency period the center of power would relocate to the “women’s quarters” (Irene the Athenian, Theodora) and v) powerful aristocratic houses claimed power (Phokades, Skleroi etc.).


K. Nikolaou, 3 hours


S 165

Looking at the Greek Revolution and the Greek Great Idea Through the Ottoman Eyes


The aim of this course is to provide information on the Ottoman perceptions and reactions to the Greek Revolution and the emerging Greek nationalism, which was expressed through the so-called Great Idea. This course will review how the Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II, the central state elite and the intelligentsia, experienced the Greek Revolution and the “making” of the modern Greek state. Based on the archival material compiled by the Ottoman statesmen and the contemporary history accounts, this course discusses the impact of the Greek Revolution on the Ottoman political thought and on the reforms launched to prevent the disintegration of the empire and to integrate the non-Muslim subjects into an emerging Ottoman political body.

The course will also examine the Ottoman reactions against the expansionist ambitions of Greece and the students will discuss how the irredentism of the Greek Kingdom triggered ideological, political and social changes in the political framework of the Ottoman Empire. The evaluation of the Ottoman perceptions of the Greek Great Idea will be held through the examination of the major conflicts of the Greek-Ottoman rivalry during the 1840-1922 period.

A. Moiras, 3 hours.



Early Modern Greek History



Poverty and disease in the Greek Territories under Venetian Rule (13th-18th).

Framed by the broad themes of poverty and disease in the Greek territories under Venetian rule, an examination is made of: a) the management mechanisms of the phenomenon of poverty, c) the epidemic phenomenon, especially the plague epidemics from the Black Death to the end of the Early Modern period, c) the operation of institutions (hospitals, plague houses, monti di pietà) in the territories under examination.


K. Konstantinidou, 3 hours


SI 151

Early Modern Greek History

Violence, interpersonal conflicts and social control in the early modern Greek world (15th – early 19th centuries)

What was the position of violence and interpersonal quarrels in the everyday life of past societies? How did people resolve their disputes? Which mechanisms ensured social cohesion and the reproduction of social order?

The above questions will be examined in the case of early modern Greek society through the rich material provided by the Greek and Ottoman judicial records.


V. Seirinidou, 3 hours


SI 85

Modern Greek History

Greece and the international system 1830-1923

The course will examine the position of Greece in the international system from the establishment of the Greek state to the Asia Minor Disaster and the conclusion of the Treaty of Lausanne. The course will discuss Greek perceptions regarding European affairs, the impact of ideological trends, and the factors which determined the Greek stance towards the Great Powers. The students are expected to become familiar with the historiographical debates and carry out research in the Greek Press.


E. Koumas, 3 hours



SI 19

Modern Greek History





From Skiadika (1859) to the Polytechnic School Uprising (1973). Stories

from student protests in Greece.

What did the student protests mean in Greece, from the establishment of

the University of Athens (1937) to the present day? How do we study them in connection with the political and social developments? How did the university authorities and the state dealt with them, especially during

authoritarian times? In which cases can we talk about a student movement? Do we have to use singular or plural form: movement or movements? Which were the historical moments that defined those movements? How do we read the continuities and ruptures of their course? The seminar will examine certain significant moments of the history of student protests in Greece in the social and political context of their time; it will attempt to compare them with international cases of student activism, and focus on the notion of student movement itself. The Skiadika, the Evangelika, the student unionism during the interwar period, as well as the resistance to foreign occupation in WWII and the anti-dictatorial struggle (1967-1974) will be the main stops of our course. By using a wide international and Greek bibliography on the subject, the seminar will pose a series of questions about the student status, the concept of movements and particularly of the student movement, the nature of student demands, the presence and role of student movements in the public sphere, and their relationship with international events.

   The participants in the seminar will work on original archival material from the Historical Archive of the University of Athens and other archives.


V. Karamanolakis, 3 hours




SI 06

Contemporary History



Oral history: research questions, practical applications, theoretical reflections 


The seminar is an introduction to the key methodological and theoretical issues of oral history: How was oral history constructed as a distinct field of historical inquiry? What makes oral history different? What kind of specific characteristics do oral testimonies have as historical documents? In what ways can they illuminate history of the recent past? What kind of challenges do they convey for the historians’ task?    

                We shall focus on the relationship between memory and history, the memorial process as a source of identity, the connection between the individual and the collective, the narrative strategies of oral accounts, the interaction between the interviewer and the interviewee.

                The course aims to familiarize the students with: (a) the basic Greek and international bibliography on oral history, (b) the methodology and techniques of research based on oral testimonies.

e-class: https://eclass.uoa.gr/courses/ARCH482/


D. Lampropoulou, 3 hours


SI 231

Modern European History

History of the British Empire (1763-1947)


We examine the history of the world’s most powerful colonial empire between the end of the Seven Years War (1763) which consolidated Britain’s colonial supremacy towards France and Spain, and the India Independence Act (1947) which marks the beginning of imperial Britain’s dismantling process. We focus on the period of the “Second British Empire” (1815-1914), when the empire was at its peak. Taking into account the distinction between “formal” and “informal”  empire and under the prism of multiple historiographical tendencies, we deal with 1) the causes and mechanisms of british colonial expansion, 2) its connection with the development of industrial capitalism, 3) the methods of colonial expansion, administration, as well as control of the local populations, 4) the cultural interactions between the colonies and the metropolis, 5) the dominant social Darwinism and its instrumentalization in regard to the natives. We tackle these questions with reference to concrete geographical cases, turning points or individual itineraries, and, where possible, in comparison with the other colonial empires of the period.


Requirements: Very good knowledge of English –having passed the exam in “Modern European History A’”- II14 (for Greek students)


M. Papathanassiou, 3 hours



IIb. Optional courses, non seminars



Ancient Greek History

Ancient Greek Numismatics: an Introduction


Extensive introduction to ancient Greek historical numismatics as an auxiliary science of history that includes the following sections: the introduction of coinage, the relationship between law and coinage (nomos and nomisma), the different values of a coin, metal, iconography, issuing authorities, weight standards, monetary policy, patters of circulation, the so-called international currencies of the Ancient Greek World, the reasons why cities and kings issued coins, and increased the production of their currencies.


E. Psoma, 3 hours



II89 Ancient Greek History

Introduction to Ancient Greek Epigraphy.

The course aims at familiarizing students with interpretative methods in ancient greek epigraphy. Basic categories of greek private and public inscriptions are examined, such as decrees, laws, epistles, edicts, honorary and funeral inscriptions. Epigraphical sources will be approached in close inter-relationship with literary sources and historical events, as well as with questions of topography and of prosopography. The seminar includes visits to the Epigraphical Museum.

e-class: ARCH533


S. Aneziri, 3 hours



ΙΙ 97 Ancient Greek History

Roman Emperors and Greek East

The course will examine the interaction of the Roman principes with the cities of the eastern provinces from the reign of Augustus (31 B.C.) to Diocletian’s Tetrarchy (A.D. 305). Many topics will be treated such as the imperial benefactions in the East, the imperial cult, the relation of the

rulers with the civic elite, the reception and interpretation of the

imperial ideology in the eastern provinces and the presence of the emperor himself and the army in the East. The course aims to indicate through the thorough examination of the sources (literary, epigraphic, numismatic) the way the Roman emperors interacted with the Greek cities, resulting to the harmonious incorporation of the communities to the wider Roman state.

Visits to archaeological sites of Athens connected to the Roman imperial age are planned.


G. Mitropoulos, 3 hours


II 132 Byzantine History

Byzantine Women and War


The multidimensional image of Byzantine women’s presence in — and contribution to — the wars of the Empire from the sixth to the eleventh century is outlined. Needless to say, Byzantine women were never an active part of combat units; however, since armed conflict affects both men and women equally, although in diverse manners and varying degrees, the course illustrates the tangible, both active and passive, entanglement of women in war viewed broadly, not just in the battlefield. At the same time, it documents and comments upon the perception and use on the part of Byzantine authors of the image of women in an exclusively masculine war environment.

The participation of Byzantine women in the events that precede military confrontations, as well as in the actual conflicts themselves, is examined, and the consequences of the war on the empire’s female population are explored.


K. Nikolaou, 3 hours


ΙΙ 22

Medieval European History B

Historical approach of the relations between economic poles in periods of crisis. Solidarity/Exploitation/Signaling of differences in Europe (12th-15th c.)


The questions put by the course refer to the relationship between those who can be philanthropists and those in need of charity. How does the relationship between the poor and the rich get established? How do charities work in the region under consideration and how does this relate to the urbanization observed in this region?



N. Giantsi-Meletiadi, 3 hours


ΙΙ 109

History of the Ottoman Empire: Introduction to the Sources



                The aim of the course is to introduce the primary sources of the history of the Ottoman Empire to students and to familiarize them with their use and interpretation and aims at encouraging students to adopt critical approaches to their findings.

                The course will present the major documentary sources produced by the Ottoman bureaucracy and provide information about their type, the purpose of their production by various administrative departments. The presentation of the archives in Turkey, Greece and other countries containing Ottoman documents will be of particular interest.

                The course will also focus on the Ottoman intellectual production (treatises, essays, Ottoman “mirror for princes” texts, historiography, philosophical essays), the Ottoman press, its contents and its ideological orientation and the travelogues of European travelers.

                During the course the students will discuss primary Ottoman sources and fragments from newspapers and they will be introduced to digitized sources and their use. 

A. Moiras, 3 hours



II 07

Modern Greek History


The Revolution of 1821

Main political, social and ideological parameters of the Greek Revolution will be studied vis-à-vis the military events.


M. Efthymiou, 3 hours


II 100

Early Modern Greek History

The Mediterranean after “The Mediterranean”: History and Historiography of the “Great Sea” (end 16th – early 19 th centuries)

With emphasis on the Greek case, the course examines the developments that determined the environmental, economic, political and cultural history of the Mediterranean from the late 16th century, i.e. from the point where F. Braudel’s emblematic "The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean world in the age of Philip II of Spain” ends,  until the beginning of the 19th century. Taking Braudel’s “Mediterranean” as a starting point, the course also examines the various approaches and conceptualizations of the Mediterranean during the last 50 years from the point of view of history, anthropology and other social sciences. 


V. Seirinidou, 3 hours



Early Modern European History  II

Propaganda and identity construction in the Reformation crisis, 1520-1600

The course focuses on the propaganda war unleashed by the emergence of Martin Luther and his reform movement in Germany. Often described by historians as a “war by print”, the confrontation between the Catholic Church and the Lutherans actually involved all means of communication, print (text, imagery), visual (theatre, processions) and oral (preaching from the pulpit, public disputations). The first part of the course deals with the various media and strategies employed by the Lutheran propagandists, and it also focuses on the belated Catholic response. The second part of the course focuses on the “War of Words” that fed the French Wars of Religion (1562-1598). It examines and compares the propaganda strategies of both confessional camps, Calvinist ad Catholic, and sheds light on the new, revolutionary phase of the propaganda war, which actually became a total war of attrition, undermining, spread of false rumours, and was eventually politicized on both sides, as the French Wars of Religion were viewed as a major element in a broader European conflagration that was to culminate in the Thirty Years’ War in the 17th century.


C. Gaganakis, 3 hours


II 126 History of Education








History of Education

Education is always accomplished within a specific historical context directly linked to political, social and cultural circumstances. This course aims to study issues related to the history of education in the Greek state, especially during the 19th and 20th centuries. Indicative points of discussion will be: theories that formed educational systems; education in a changing, geographically and politically, world; literacy and learning; organization of educational system; the social character of education; teaching and learning methods; educational reforms. Most course sections will focus on the comparative examination of the above mentioned and other relative issues during past periods.


V. Karamanolakis, 3 hours


II85 Ηistory of the Post-war World ΙΙ

History of the Post-war World II: the Near and Middle East

 The course discusses the history of the Middle East and North Africa (from Algeria to Iran) from the construction of the Suez Canal until the attempt to solve the Arab-Israeli conflict in the mid-1990s. The course examines the position of the “Near East” in the Eastern Question until 1923, the development of great power antagonisms in the region, the imposition of British control over Egypt, the Arab revolt and the Peace Treaties after WWI, the colonial Middle East of the interwar years, decolonization, the Arab-Israeli conflict and the successive wars, the Iranian Revolution and the rise of the contemporary Middle East. The students need to have been successfully examined in the course II84 History of the Post-war World.


Ε. Ηatzivassiliou, 3 hours


61 ΠρΑσκ

Practical training of students

Practical training of students

This programme aims at acquainting a large number of our students with the physical locations of their future professional work and to create an interaction between academic education and relevant services. Participation in the programme is voluntary and is carried out in the ephorates of the Archaeological Service, in historical archives, museums, libraries, research centres and in the ministries of culture and education. Participants are engaged for a term of one, two, three or four months.  The programme is funded by the Programme “ESPA” (funded by the European Union and the Hellenic Republic).

The academic responsibility for the Programme of Practical Training lies with assistant professor


Ν. Dimakis (assisted by E. Kefalidou, M. Mouliou and E. Koumas).






Open Tutorial I

"Τhe Great Idea (Μεγάλη Ιδέα)and the alternate policies of achieving it: From the liberation-by arms-of the "unredeemed" hellenic lands to the Helleno-ottoman cooperation (2nd half of the 19th century). (Spring semester)


This free lesson aims to familiarise the students with the process of the national awekening of the modern Hellenic state, especially during the second half of the nineteenth century. The alternate policies-military confrontation against the Ottoman Empire with the cooperation of the fellow Balkan nations (Serbs, Albanians, Rumanians) or partnership with the former against the "slavic menace" (i.e. the Bulgarian national movement)-were the two main options with which preeminent Greek politicians, such as Al. Koumoundouros, Ch. Tricoupis, Ep. Deligeorgis were faced upon. Which of the two was the more suitable ? The answer to this particular question depended mainly on the assessment of the European diplomatic, political and economical climate of the time, as well of the modernizing visions of the above mentioned major political figures of the newborn Hellenic state. To sum up, as a supplementary means of getting accustomed with the "raw material" of this particular historical period, the students will have to pay visit(s) to the central archive center of the Hellenic Parliament (Καπνεργοστάσιο).


A. Antonopoulos, 3 hours


Open Tutorial II

How to write papers. An introduction

(Spring Semester)


This open tutorial aims to introduce students how to write scientific papers, familiarizing them also with the literary style of essays. The seminar is taught both theoretically and practically. Students are expected to write some assignments during the course or as homework.


Ch. Bali, 3 hours


Open Tutorial III

How to read and interpret primary sources: “Professor’s Nikolaos Vlachos Files”.

(Spring Semester)


The personal files of Nikolaos Vlachos (1893-1956), professor of History of Modern Greece at the University of Athens, is kept in the

Laboratory of Historical Research and Documentation, https://ergasthrioistorias.arch.uoa.gr/sylloges/archeio_nikolaoy_blachoy. Using this material, this open tutorial aims to familiarize students with the interpretation and documentation of archival sources.


Ch. Bali, 3 hours









ΙΑ 04

Introduction to Archaeology

Introduction to Archaeology

The course deals with the definitions, principles, methods and practice of the discipline of Archaeology. The main methods of discovering, unearthing, recording, dating and studying archaeological remains are also discussed. Other issues include archaeological ethics, heritage management, and the importance of archaeology for the present and future of modern societies. Case studies from greek and world archaeology are also presented to enhance the understanding of the above issues. Bibliography, images and handouts can be downloaded from e-class. Optional visits to museums and archaeological sites.


e-class: ARCH284

Y. Papadatos, 3 hours


ΙΑ 11

Classical Archaeology I

 Introduction to Greek Archaeology and a brief survey of the Geometric and Archaic Periods (c. 1050-480 BC).

An Introduction to Greek Archaeology and its methodology. A brief survey of the development of architecture, sculpture, metallurgy, pottery and vase painting in mainland Greece and the islands between 1050 and 480 BC, based on the archaeological record.


e-class: ARCH441 and ARCH514  (workshops with Dr. A. Sfyroera)

D. Plantzos, 3 hours


ΙΑ 13

Βyzantine Archaeology I

Introduction to Byzantine Archaeology. Early Byzantine period (4th – 7th c. AD)

From the Christian Αrt history of the 19th c. to the interdisciplinary approaches of the 21st c. Study of Vernacular and Ecclesiastical Architecture, Monumental Painting and Minor Arts of the period between the 4th and the 7th century A.D.

e-class: ARCH272

P. Petridis, 3 hours


ΙΑ 15

History of Art I

The Art of Renaissance and Mannierism (15th -16th centuries)

Starting with the development of the “Natural Style” and Giotto’s artistic production during the 14th century, Painting, Sculpture and Architecture will be examined in the main Italian artistic centres

(Florence, Rome, Venice) in the 15th and 16th centuries. Emphasis will be put on theoretical texts concerning Renaissance Art, namely on Leon Battista Alberti’s, Della Pittura, Florence 1436, as well as on Leonardo da Vinci’s Trattato della Pittura, Paris 1651.

e-class: ARCH892

I. Asimakopoulou, 3 hours                                              



Β.specialization subjects



ΙΑ 42 Archaeology of the Near East

Archaeology of the Near East

This course offers an overview of the history and archaeology of the Near East from the late 3rd to the early 1st mil. B.C. An emphasis is given to Anatolia (Hittite empire, Phrygia, Lydia), the Levant (Canaanite archaeology, Late Hittite, Aramaic, Philistine, Phoenician and Israelite kingdoms, the Assyrian expansion) and Egypt (Middle and New Kingdom). A special discussion will follow about the Egyptian and Hittite texts which refer to the Aegean (Ahhiyawa, Keftiu, Tanaja).

e-class: ARCH275

K. Κopanias, 3 hours


ΙΑ 26

Prehistoric Archaeology III

Prehistoric Archaeology III: Theory of the archaeological discipline: Main trends and schools

The object of the course is the familiarisation with the main directions of archaeological thought, such as Culture History, New or Processual Archaeology, Post Processual Archaeology and the current neo-materialist tendencies. The course also examines the contribution of philosophical traditions, such as positivism, evolutionism and phenomenology, in archaeological research. The course objective is the critical presentation of the theoretical frame, within which any archaeological research is circumscribed. The treatment of theoretical issues is based upon indicative examples mainly but not exclusively from the prehistoric Aegean.


e-class: ARCH325


G. Vavouranakis, 3 hours


ΙΑ 44

Post-Byzantine Archaeology

The Greek world after the Fall of Constantinople: art and archaeology of the 15th to 18th century

The course offers an overview of the material culture and artistic production developed after 1453 in areas with Greek orthodox population and Greek communities living under Latin or Ottoman rule. Urban planning, secular and religious architecture, sculpture and ceramics are among the topics that will be explored. Particular emphasis will be paid to the main trends in religious painting, represented in monumental art and portable icons, as well as to aspects of metalwork and embroideries. Aspects of tradition and renewal in the art of the period will be discussed throughout the course, with reference both to the Palaiologan legacy and the reception and appropriation of western and ottoman artistic expressions.

The lectures will be supplemented by visits to monuments and museums in Athens and Attica.

e-class: ARCH649 and ARCH717

Α. Drandaki, G. Pallis, 3 hours

C. optional courses


C1. seminars[1]


SA 122

Prehistoric Archaeology

The Aegean island communities and their relations with palatial Crete.

This course examines the history of the insular Aegean communities and their relations with the palatial centres of Crete in the first half of the 2nd millennium BC. The focus of study is the phenomenon of minoanization and the problem of the so called ‘Minoan thalassocracy’, while special emphasis is given on the different ways these communities adopted Minoan culture.

Written essays on selected subjects and oral pressentations are compulsary. Bibliography, images and handouts can be downloaded from e-class. Optional visits to museums and archaeological sites.


e-class: ARCH256.

Y. Papadatos, 3 hours.


SA 15 Archaeology of the Near East


Years of Crisis: The end  of the Late Bronze Age in the Eastern Mediterranean

This seminar will focus on the geopolitical and social, and  conditions of the Palatial centers in Anatolia, the Levant, and Egypt during the 13th c. BC. Also, we will study the period after their destruction (12th-8th c. BC).



e-class: ARCH745

K. Κopanias, 3 hours


SA 185  

Byzantine Archaeology

Post-Byzantine settlements of Greece

After the fall of the Byzantine Empire, life in the Greek peninsula and the islands was continued in settlements of various size, under Ottoman and Venetian rule. The seminar will study the form of Post-Byzantine cities the role of their Byzantine past in their formation, the influences of their new rulers, the evolution of the architectural setting and the way of life which was developed in them.

Οptional visits to Athens and Nauplion


e-class: ARCH885

G. Pallis, 3 hours


ΙA 80

History of Art

Artists and trends in contemporary art 

Definitions, movements, trends and artists of the 20th century (from Fauvism to Land Art).

e-class: ARCH444

D. Pavlopoulos, 3 hours.


SA 136 Mouseology

Museums in times of crisis: Policies and strategies for their management, best practices

The course draws from contemporary reality as this has been shaped with the necessary closure of museums world-wide due to the pandemic (at an unprecedented rate of 90%) and the explosion of their creativity in the digital space.

At first, the course analyses the concept of crisis management in museums and studies different experiences and case studies, triggered either by manmade or natural causes.

The core subject matter of the course focuses on the difficulties, challenges, opportunities and best practices that came to the fore with the increased presence of museums in the digital space and takes into account data gathered by a number of national and international museums associations. The conditions under which museums gradually returned to operation, also in their physical space, will be reviewed, together with how these gained experiences intersect with the contemporary questioning about the changing social role of the museum. The students will study numerous museum applications in the Internet and reflect also on the advantages and disadvantages of the new hyper digital role of museums.


e-class: ARCH802.

M. Mouliou, 3 hours





IA 150

Archaeology and Archaeometry


Archaeology and Archaeometry

Applications of natural science methods for the study and analysis of archaeological materials in order to answer questions related to the technology of construction, production and distribution of clay, stone, metal and glass objects. The main methods of physicochemical analysis and their results are discussed, and case studies from the prehistoric and historic eras are presented.

In addition to the lectures, the course includes demonstrations in the following laboratories: (1) Laboratory of Mineralogy and Petrology of the Department of Geology and Geoenvironment, under the supervision of Assoc. Prof. Panagiotis Pomonis, (2) Conservation Unit of the Museum of Archeology and Art History of the School of Philosophy (3) Laboratory of the Department of Archeology and Art History.


e-class: ARCH579

Y. Papadatos, P. Petridis,  Eur. Kefalidou, P. Pomonis,  3 hours


IA 153

Prehistoric Archaeology

IA 153 Prehistoric archaeology: Image and discourse in archaeology

Archaeology as a discipline is based upon the image as much as on language in order to express the results of its research. The course focuses upon the place and function of images (architectural drawings and digital representations) in final reports of prehistoric sites in the Aegean. It examines the number and ratio of different types of images in relation to the research goals of each site report and the related ways of presenting, studying and interpreting the material remains in it. The aim of the course is the understanding of images as important methodological tools in the disposition of the archaeologist and their direct link to his/her epistemological paradigm.


e-class: ARCH326

G. Vavouranakis, 3 hours


IA 64

Classical Archaelogy

Attic Black-figure Pottery

The course discusses the construction techniques, shapes, usage, commencial use and iconography of the Athenian back figured pottery, which has produced great quantities and was exported across the Mediterranean. Following chronologically the work of most important painters, the course examines the basic iconographic circles, the methods of painted narrative, as well as the relationship of the paintings with the social and political conditions of the archaic period.   The seminar includes visits to the National Archaeological Museum in Athens (pottery collection) and practical exersice in the Museum of our Dept.


e-class: ARCH418

Εur. Κefalidou, 3 hours


IA 43

Specialist Courses in Archaeology and Art History

I. Great Greek Sanctuaries.

A survey of the great Greek sanctuaries (Olympia, Delphi, Delos, Epidauros) in relationship with the historical landscape and with emphasis on architecture. Examination of site development, function and space organization, along with typology of propyla, stoas and altars. The evolution of local architectural workshops in combination with the dominant trends and the narrative of the sanctuaries. The movement of architectural workshops within the Greek Mainland.


e-class: ARCH702

Chr. Kanellopoulos, 3 hours



II.  Art and Technology in Byzantium

The course offers an overview of the history of art and material culture of Byzantium (4th to 15th C.) exploring the materiality of the artworks and the interrelation between artistic expression, raw materials, and technological achievements. Panel paintings, ivories, textiles, metalwork, and jewellery will be examined focusing on their technical features and the expertise of the workshops that produced them, and testimonies to exchanges between Byzantium, Latin West and the Islamic world. Special emphasis will be given to the role of artefacts in Byzantium’s economy, trade and diplomacy. The course will be supplemented by visits to museum galleries and hands-on examination of works of art.

The course will be supported by the Benaki Museum Conservation Department.


e-class: ARCH700

Drandaki, 3 hours


ΙΙΙ. Modern Greek sculpture (19th century)

Modern Greek sculpture is examined in relation to European sculpture. During the course, visits / guided tours to exhibitions and workshops will be organized. Written papers are optional.


 e-class: ARCH445

D. Pavlopoulos, 3 hours


ΙΑ 146

 Byzantine Archaeology

Εarly Byzantine Pottery 

Study of the ceramic artefacts, the production technology, the organization of the workshops and the distribution of the Byzantine pottery. Emphasis will be given to Mediterranean productions of the Early Byzantine period. The historical, economic and social dimension of the pottery will also be investigated.


e-class: ARCH466

P. Petridis, 3 hours


ΙΑ 106


Introduction to Museology

This course aims to introduce students to the interdisciplinary field of Museology, which studies the history and theory of museums and collections.

It seeks answers for an array of key questions: how do we define key concepts of Museology such as museum, museum object, and collection? Why do museums exist and which challenges do they currently face? Which is the code of ethics and the institutional framework for their operation in Greece and abroad? How are they categorised in different types? What is the history of museums? How do museums relate to their visitors and society at large?

Teaching is based on critical thinking and debating, creative exercises related to museum theory and practice and targeted museum visits.


e-class: ARCH442

Μ. Μouliou, 3 hours


IA 138

Introduction to Environmental Archaeology

This course examines the basic principles of Environmental Archaeology and presents the main sub-disciplines: archaeobotany (seed and charcoal analysis), zooarchaeology (animal bone and shell analysis), geoarchaeology, palynology. Through this course the students can understand the interaction between humans and the natural environment into which they lived, as well as the shifts in the climate and the vegetation during the past. Furthermore, the course presents the approaches to the economy and nutrition of the past populations (agricultural practices, hunting etc). The methodological tools used by each sub-discipline will be discussed via study cases of the Aegean region and/or adjacent areas.

e-class: ARCH913

K. Papayianni (3 hours)







IA 02

Prehistoric Archaeology I

The civilizations of Prehistoric Aegean. General overview

The course presents the civilizations that flourished in the Aegean during the Stone Age and the Bronze Age. It examines the most important categories of the material culture: habitation and funerary architecture, pottery,  tools, figurines, small objects. It discusses burial habits and matters of ideology and of economic and social organization.


e-class: ARCH 166 (texts, power points and bibliography)

G. Vavouranakis  – Y. Papadatos, 3 hours


ΙΑ 10

Prehistoric Archaeology II

Minoan Archaeology

All the periods of the Minoan civilization’s development will be studied. Special emphasis will be given to the development of the various arts (ceramic art, stone vase making, faience working, wall painting etc) from the Prepalatial to the Final Palatial Period.


e-class: ARCH173

El. Platon, 3 hours

ΙΑ 12

Classical Archaeology II

Archaeology of the Classical and Hellenistic Periods (480 B.C. – 1st century BC


The subject of the course is the concise, comprehensive view of the Archaeology of the period from the Persian Wars to the submission of the last Hellenistic kingdom, that of the Ptolemaic Egypt, to the domination of Rome in 30 B.C. Emphasis is placed on architecture and, as well as on pottery, especially of the classical period, painting and mosaics. The stages of evolution and the main artists are examined within the historical and social context of each era. Research problems and further study issues are identified.


The course includes visits to archaeological sites and museums (Acropolis, Acropolis Museum and National Archaeological Museum. An optional, practical training in the Conservation Laboratory and the Museum of Cast of the Department is also offered by conservator M. Roggenbucke and sculptor L. Arachovitis.


e-class: ARCH410

St. Katakis, 3 hours


ΙΑ 14 Βyzantine Archaeology II

Art and Archaeology of the Middle and Late Byzantine period (7th to 15th centuries)

General survey of the art and archaeology of Byzantium from the 7th century up to the Fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans, in 1453. The course offers an overview of the architecture, painting and material remains of the period, focusing primarily on urban planning, secular and church architecture, sculpture and painting in its various manifestations (monumental art, portable icons, illuminated manuscripts). Presentation of fundamental methodological approaches and analytical tools that apply to the study Byzantium’s diverse artistic expressions, offering dating and classification criteria. The course will be supplemented by visits to Byzantine monuments and Museums in Attica and the Peloponnese.


e-class: ARCH603 and ARCH741

G. Pallis, A. Drandaki, 3 hours.


ΙΑ 16

History of Art  II

Baroque art and Rococo art. Painting, Sculpture, Architecture.

Differentiations, local schools, the creators in Europe (Italy, Spain, France, Germany, Netherlands, Holland, United Kingdom).


e-class: ARCH891

I. Asimakopoulou, 3 hours


Β.specialization courses


ΙΑ 21

ΤopographyΑrchitectureTown planning

Monumental topography of Athens during the ancient and early Byzantine times.

A brief introduction to the history of the city, as well as to the history, course and remains of the fortification walls over time. Also, a complete presentation of the archaeological sites and monuments of the Acropolis, the South Slope of the Acropolis, the Ancient and Roman Agora and the Olympieion area. The course includes visits to the sites.


e-class: ARCH682 and ARCH358

Chr. Kanellopoulos - P. Petridis, 3 hours


ΙΑ 108

Roman Archaeology

Introduction to the Archaeology of the Roman Period
The subject of this course is the evolution of the arts during the Roman imperial times, from August, i.e. the end of Hellenistic period in 30 B.C., to Constantine the Great and the end of the ancient world. The origins of the arts of this period, both in Italy (Etruscans, Republican Rome) and in the Hellenistic East, will also be examined, as well as Late Antiquity, namely the transition to the Christian world. Furthermore, for a better understanding of the artistic tendencies, we will study the historical and socio-political data of the period. Emphasis will be laid on architecture, sculpture (specially the portrait and the significant groups of statues), painting and pottery. The course includes visits to the National Archaeological Museum, the Roman Agora and the Library of Hadrian. In order to be able to meet the demands of the course the students ought to have successfully completed the course IA 12: Classical Archaeology B.


e-class: ARCH274 (bibliography, images and handouts)

St. Κatakis, 3 hours


ΙΑ 31

Classical Archaeology III







Greek Monumental Painting

A survey of Greek monumental painting from the Archaic to the Early Imperial Period. Surviving works from the Greek and the Hellenistic world, as well as their reflections on Roman art. Sources and methodology, iconography and subject-matter, developments and breakthroughs, masters and their oeuvres, Greco-Roman aesthetics and criticism.


e-class: ARCH561


D. Plantzos, 3 hours



 2. Attic Red-figure Vase-painting of the Archaic Period

The course examines Attic red-figure pottery from the time it was first produced (ca. 530 BC) until ca. 480/470 BC. We discuss the early stages of the red-figure technique and its co-existence with the earlier black-figure vases, the potters who produced red figure pottery and its buyers, and we will exploit in more detail its shapes and iconography: Scenes from the myth, cult, everyday life, etc., as well as the methods of visual narration and the relations between shape and decoration. We will also discuss the routes of early red-figure vase trade.


e-class: ARCH472

Eur. Kefalidou, 3 hours


ΙΑ 103

Excavation and Archaeological Record Processing - Museology

Excavation and Archaeological Record Processing – Museology

This course is about archaeological fieldwork, excavation in particular, as well as key principles of archaeological resources management in the museum. The main concepts and methods examined include archaeological context, sites, stratigraphy, documentation of excavation data. Also, the course deals with basic principles of (a) archaeological conservation and first aid on site, (b) post-excavation study and processing of archaeological finds, and (c) exhibition of finds and museology. The course includes:

1) training in excavation techniques at the departmental excavation at Plasi Marathon

2) sorting and recording ancient pottery at the Museum of Archaeology and History of Art

3)  conservation of archaeological finds in the field and the laboratory

4) educational activities for school groups, with a selected number of students  acting as facilitators and interpreters.

Practical lessons are offered by Dr. Alexandra Sfyroera (archaeologist) and Michel Roggenbucke (conservator).

Optional visits to museums and archaeological sites. Bibliography, images and handouts can be downloaded from e-class.


e-class: ARCH492.

Y. Papadatos, G. Vavouranakis, M. Mouliou,  3 hours.


ΙΑ 29

History of Art III 

Εuropean Art from Neoclassicism to Art Nouveau (18th -19th cent.)

The artistic movements and trends of the 18th and 19th centuries will be examined: neoclassicism, romanticism, realism, impressionism, post-impressionistic tendencies, symbolism, Art Nouveau. The factors which defined the special characteristics of each movement will be analysed within the general framework of an epoch the main features of which were the industrial revolution and the development of sciences. Emphasis will be put on the theory of art of the period 1880-1900 know as le fin de siècle.


e-class: ARCH149 (full archive of the courses pictures)

Ε. Μavromichali, 3 hours


IA 139

Introduction to Zooarchaeology: human-animal relations in the past

Zooarchaeology is a sub-discipline of Environmental Archaeology focusing in the past human-animal relations. This relation is investigated through the remains of past animals found in archaeological sites; such animals were large and small mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, amphibians, shells, mollusks. Through this course the students will be acquainted with the methodologies of zooarchaeology in order to understand the kinds of past human-animal relations: palaeoenvironmental reconstruction, subsistence and husbandry practices, secondary products exploitation, hunting, fishing, commerce, ritual/ sacrifice, company, commensalism. Such methodologies include mainly the study of bones, teeth and shells as well as the taphonomic factors that affected their deposition in the soils and their preservation until the present. Study cases from Aegean sites will be discussed as examples. This course includes both lectures and practical courses in the Laboratory of the Archaeology Section.


e-class: ARCH917

K. Papayianni (3 hours)

IA 140

Environment, subsistence and economy in the prehistoric Aegean via case studies

A reconstruction of what the natural environment looked like during prehistory can be achieved through the study of remains of biological or natural origin: bones, shells, seeds, charcoal etc. Such remains help us visualise vegetation or landscape changes during the past, as well as reconstruct the faunas exploited by and the subsistence practices of past communities. Case studies from prehistoric Aegean sites will be discussed during this course in order to offer an understanding of past environments, subsistence practices and economic choices of the prehistoric populations. Through such case studies the disciplines practiced for understanding past environments will be presented: zooarchaeology, archaeobotany, geoarchaeology, palynology. 


e-class: ARCH918

K. Papayianni (3 hours)




Α. seminars[2]


Prehistoric Archaeology























SΑ 111

Prehistoric Archaeology

The development of excavation techniques from the beginning of the discipline of archaeology until the modern digital age

Aim of the seminar is the development of excavation techniques from the first systematic excavations of the 19th century until the modern age of digital technologies. The seminar deals with developments in the methods of excavation, but mainly in excavation recording. Special emphasis is given to the major changes of the recent years due to the introduction of digital technologies for excavation recording. The critical approach of past excavation systems, methods and techniques will be addressed through written essays on selected subjects and oral presentations in the classroom. The adoption and use of digital tools and techniques in excavations will be the subject of a digital learning course, offered through a specially designed online platform. The online course is part of the research project DELTA (Digital Excavation through Learning and Training in Archaeology, Project No: 2019-1-EL01-KA203-062875), which is funded by the European Commission with the collaboration of the following institutions: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Hellenic Open University, Università degli Studi della Basilicata (Italy) and Masarykova Univerzita Brno (Czech Republic) (http://www.project-delta.eu/el).


e-Class: ARCH850

Y. Papadatos, 3 hours




Critical (re-) interpretation of prehistoric burial data

Burial assemblages are treated in various ways by archaeological research: e.g., as sealed contexts and thus significant for the typology of artifacts and their dating, as indicative of the identity and social status of the dead, as sources of information about the biological characteristics of past people, as examples of metaphysical beliefs, and, more generally, collective notions about the world and the function of society. The seminar is divided into two parts. The first part discusses the main theoretical and interpretative directions of research. In the second part, students are called to apply the above directions by re-interpreting the finds from a prehistoric cemetery of their choice. Compulsory series of short written essays and their oral presentation.


e-class: ARCH324

G. Vavouranakis, 3 hours


SΑ 22

Prehistoric Archaeology

Minoan Pottery: Typological Development and Decorative Styles.

Introduction: the significance of the pottery in the study of ancient civilizations. The technological issues. Discussion on the use of the various pottery types. The chronological systems for studying Bronze Age Crete. Definition of the principal questions related to the dating of various pottery assemblages. Technology, typology and decorative styles for each period: Pre-palatial period; Proto-palatial period. Neo-palatial period; Post-palatial period. Concluding remarks.


e-class: ARCH356 & ARCH 585 (Practical exercise by Dr. A. Sfyroera)

El. Platon, 3 hours


SA 13

Archaeology of the Near East

The Palace of Ereshkigal: Burial customs and the beliefs about the Underworld in the Eastern Meditteranean during the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age

This course focuses on the burial practices in the wider area of the Eastern Mediterranean (Anatolia, Levant, Egypt). The archaeological testimonia will be combined with the available Near Eastern texts, including the Mesopotamian ones, which help us to reconstruct the beliefs about the Underworld and the Afterlife.


e-class: ARCH351.

K. Kopanias, 3 hours


SA 11

Prehistoric Archaeology

The development of excavation techniques from the beginning of the discipline of archaeology until the modern digital age

Aim of the seminar is the development of excavation techniques from the first systematic excavations of the 19th century until the modern age of digital technologies. The seminar deals with developments in the methods of excavation, but mainly in excavation recording. Special emphasis is given to the major changes of the recent years due to the introduction of digital technologies for excavation recording. The critical approach of past excavation systems, methods and techniques will be addressed through written essays on selected subjects and oral presentations in the classroom. The adoption and use of digital tools and techniques in excavations will be the subject of a digital learning course, offered through a specially designed online platform. The online course is part of the research project DELTA (Digital Excavation through Learning and Training in Archaeology, Project No: 2019-1-EL01-KA203-062875), which is funded by the European Commission with the collaboration of the following institutions: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Hellenic Open University, Università degli Studi della Basilicata (Italy) and Masarykova Univerzita Brno (Czech Republic) (http://www.project-delta.eu/el).


e-class: ARCH850

Y. Papadatos, 3 hours


SΑ 88

Classical Archaeology

Studying classical art: theory and method

This seminar offers a systematic and thorough survey of the methodological tools necessary for the study of classical Greek and Roman art. As a branch of classical archaeology, the study of Greek and Roman art demands specialized historical and art-historical tools, as well as synergies with other disciplines, such as social anthropology, philosophy, psychoanalysis and history of ideas. Using specific examples, the course attempts to clarify issues such as the comprehension, interpretation, enjoyment and teaching of classical art.


e-class: ARCH562

D. Plantzos, 3 hours


SA 163

Classical Archaeology

Death and burial in the ancient Greek world

This module explores the management of death in the ancient Greek world of the archaic, Classical and Hellenistic times (7th-1st c. B.C.). By studying the burial practices as these are traced in the landscape of death, the location of cemeteries, the burial rites, the grave typology, the patterns of placing the burial offerings, and the grave offerings themselves, the grave marking and the rituals performed, and by taking into account the parameters dictating burial rituals in time and space, the students will be able to approach ancient Greek society through its burials.


e-class: ARCH 869

N. Dimakis, 3 hours


SΑ 131



Constantinople and the Greek cities during the Early Byzantine period

Study of urban development of the capital of the Empire and the cities of the Greek periphery from the foundation of Constantinople to the middle of the 7th c. AD.


e-class: ARCH747

P. Petridis, 3 hours




IA 17

Introduction to Art History

Introduction to the Science of Art History

The teaching is of the semantics of the work of art, elements of the technique and materials of its artistic negotiation (painting, sculpture, engraving, mosaic, ceramics, architecture, photography), as well as of the general characteristics of the periods ranging from antiquity to modern times. The course concentrates on important works and artists, with the parallel projection of slides from the History of Art.


e-class: ARCH893

Asimakopoulou, 3 hours


IA 111

 Classical Archaeology

Hellenistic and Roman pottery in burial context

Economic, historical and social parameters have contributed to shaping the particular character of Hellenistic and Roman vases, and to the emergence of prominent production centers. The module aims at exploring pottery production techniques, typology, use, trade and symbolism in the Hellenistic and Roman Mediterranean. By studying sealed, and thus dated, contexts coming mainly from cemeteries, we are able to clarify the vases located in disturbed contexts. Particular emphasis is placed on burial contexts as the quality, quantity, state of preservation and exact find-spot of the vases used as burial offerings say a lot about the funerary ritual performed, the dead, and their social group. A thematic and through time analysis allows ample room for discussing wider research queries concerning the pottery’s classification, dating, role, understanding and interpretation.


e-class:: ARCH738

N. Dimakis,  3 hours

ΙΑ 181

Byzantine Archaeology


Βyzantine Sculpture, 4th-15th c.

The course offers an overview of the sculpture of the Byzantine era, from

the beginnings to the end of the empire, and studies the new directions of

this artistic field in the frame of Byzantine art. The examination of the

most significant works will show the fundamental role of sculpture in

architecture and the decorative arts, as well in the adaptation of

patterns and ideas from the East and the West.

Optional visits to the Byzantine and Christian Museum and other sites and

monuments of Athens.


e-class: ARCH 886

G. Pallis, 3 hours


II 89

Ancient Greek History

Introduction to Ancient Greek Epigraphy.

The lesson aims at familiarizing students with interpretative methods in ancient greek epigraphy. Basic categories of greek private and public inscriptions are examined, such as decrees, laws, epistles, edicts, honorary and funeral inscriptions. Epigraphical sources will be approached in close inter-relationship with literary sources and historical events, as well as with questions of topography and of prosopography. The seminar includes visits to the Epigraphical Museum.


e-class: ARCH533

S. Aneziri, 3 hours


IA 131

History of Art

History of Greek Printmaking, 19th-20th c.

It examines the teaching of printmaking in Athens Royal Technical School, in Athens School of Fine Arts, as well as the teachers and the students. Studied printmakers and artists engaged in printmaking, distinguish between the artisan artist and the printmaker, analyzed and displayed prints are held in exhibitions, reference applied the role of printmaking, to show the connection with the art of printing in the 19th c., considered the impact of subjects in social classes and its role in the historical reality. Supplementary visits to relevant art shows in museums and galleries, as well as in modern Greek artists workshops.


e-class: ARCH422

D. Pavlopoulos, 3 hours

IΑ 190

Museum pedagogy


Museum pedagogy. On learning and creativity in museums.

In recent years, museums have distinctive educational and social missions to reach a deep understanding of the world and how quality changes affect peoples’ lives; thus, they take into consideration new theoretical approaches regarding learning and progressive education and implement numerous activities for different target groups (i.e. schools groups).  They have also proved, in Greece and abroad, that compliment well formal education by initiating alternative educational activities and experiences, taking as starting point the requirements provided by the curricula of primary and secondary school.

Teaching is based on critical thinking and debating, creative exercises related to museum theory and practice and targeted museum visits.


e-class: ARCH471

Μ. Μouliou, 3 hours




Α. ArchaeoCosmos. Historical Geography of the Medietrranean and the Near East from the Prehistory through the Late Antiquity.

(Winter and Spring  semester)


Filing ancient texts and record of archaeological sites in the data base of the program. ArcGIS software will be taught.


e-class: ARCH757

K. Kopanias, 2 hours


B. Applications in techniques and materials of sculpture

(Winter and Spring semester)


Artistic forms' functions and their relation to human activities – Media in sculpture - Techniques: conventional practices and idiom - Visual and tactile phenomena: communication and response - From producing studies to modelling: positive and negative space - Addressing the elements of composition: line, shape and form, proportions, scale and size, tone and quantitative order, rhythm and variation, texture, colour - Additive and subtractive methods - Sculpture in the round / relief work: specific problems and differences - Exercises in various types of relief.


e-class:  ARCH233

L. Arachovitis, 3 hours


[1] Students announce their participation on the start of the seminar. They will be graded on the basis of their participation in the seminar, oral presentation and an essay.

[2] Students announce their participation on the start of the seminar. They will be graded on the basis of their participation in the seminar, oral presentation and an essay.


(Last update: 26/10/2021)