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Seminars of European History







The woman as a pole of power / weakness and a lever of social / political development in the medieval cities.

N. Giantsi - Meletiades



Τhe Latin powers (Franks, Aragonese,Venetians, Genoese) in the Mediterranean. Policy, society, economy (12th-16th centuries).

M. Dourou - Iliopoulou



Reconceptualizations and treatment of madness in Western societies, 16th-19th centuries

K. Gaganakis




Nations and Nationalism in Modern Europe






Gender and Society in 19th and 20th century Europe: The case of middle und upper classes

K. Raptis




Economy and Foreign Policy in Modern Europe


I. Dimakis


Winter semester


Subject: The woman as a pole of power / weakness and a lever of social / political development in the medieval cities.


Summary: The main objective of this seminar will be the exploration of female status in the urban environment during the Middle Ages, especially during the Late Medieval Period (14th-15th century). The attempted approach will be focusing on the ways women functioned in the spaces of professional activity, such as guilds and trade, but also on their social appearance and presence. We are also interested in the cases where women became an object of violent behavior, not only in terms of physical violence, but also in the sense of verbal abuse and/or exclusion. Within this context we can also follow the ways that women claimed “equal” treatment and how they gradually pervaded the social and professional fabric. Medieval women, just before the commencement of Europe’s Modernity, prepared in their own way the opening to a new age. The interpretation of the above mentioned behavioral patterns, as seen in the light of the questions set by contemporary historiography about modernity and post-modernity, are within the central targets of this seminar.


Selected Bibliography


Anderson B. - Zinsser Z., A History of Their Own: Women in Europe from Prehistory to the Present, Vol. 1, revised edition, Oxford 2000.

Bennett J., “Medievalism and Feminism,” Speculum 68 (1993) 309-331.

Blanc O., Parades et parures. L'invention du corps de mode à la fin du Moyen Age, Paris 1997.

Bologne J.-Cl., La naissance interdite. Stérilité, avortement, contraception au Moyen Age, Paris 1988.

Boureau A., "La redécouverte de l'autonomie du corps : l'émergence du somnambule (XIIIe-XIVe siècles)", Micrologus, 1 (1993) 27-42.

Brown P., Le renoncement à la chair. Virginité, célibat et continence dans le christianisme primitif, Paris 1995 (αγγλ. Έκδ. : 1988).

Bynum C. W., Fragmentation and Redemption: Essays and Gender and the Human  Body in Medieval Religion, New York 1991.

Bynum C. W., The Resurrection of the Body in Western Christianity from 200 to 1336, New York 1995.

Duby G. - Perrot M., Histoire des femmes en Occident - Le Moyen Age, Paris, Plon 1990.

Jacquart D. - Thomasset Cl., Sexualité et savoir médical au Moyen Âge, Paris 1985.

Jacquart D., "La morphologie du corps féminin selon les médecins de la fin du Moyen Age", Micrologus, 1, 1993, p. 81-98.

Lett, D., "Le corps de la jeune fille. Regards de clercs sur l'adolescente aux XIIe-XIVe siècles", CLIO, Histoire, Femmes et Sociétés, n° 4, 1996, p. 51-73.

Mosher Stuard S., Women in Medieval History and Historiography, Philadelphia 1987.

Schmitt J.-Cl., La raison des gestes dans l’Occident médiéval, Paris 1990.

Partner N. (ed.), Studying Medieval Women: Sex, Gender, Feminism, Cambridge 1993.

Pernoud R., La femme au temps des cathédrales, Paris 1980

Verdon J., La femme au Moyen Age, Paris 2006.

Women in Medieval Times: An Annotated Bibliography, Wiener Publishers 1988.


Matrix: A collection of resources for the study of women's religious communities, 500-1500.



Winter Semester


Subject: Τhe Latin powers (Franks, Aragonese,Venetians, Genoese) in the Mediterranean. Policy, society, economy (12th-16th centuries).


Summary: Τhe seminar aims in enlightening the presence and the activities of the Latin powers, especially the Franks, the Aragonese, the Venetians and the Genoese in the Mediterranean during the period of the crusades until the final decline of the Latin dominions in the eastern Mediterranean because of the Turkish expansion. Emphasis is given in the policy of the Latins during the 12th-16th centuries, especially their impact on political, social and economic terms as well as their symbiosis with the local societies. Through the study of western primary sources (archival and literary) and secondary literature the students obtain a better understanding of the situation in Western Europe and the Mediterranean during the medieval period.


Selective bibliography


Abulafia D., The western Mediterranean Kingdoms, 1200-1500. The struggle for dominion, Longman 1997

Arbel B., Intercultural contacts in the medieval Mediterranean, London 1996

Balard M., La Romanie genoise (XIIe au debut du XVe siècle), Genova 1978.

Balletto L., Genova, mediterraneo, Mar Nero (XIII-XV sec.), Genova 1976.

Bisson T.N., The medieval crown of Aragon. A short history, Oxford 1986

Bon A.. La Moree franque. Etudes historiques, topographiques et  archeologiques sur la principaute de Moree (1204-1430) Paris 1969

Buongiorno M., L’amministrazione Genovese nella Romania, Genova 1977

Leonard E., Les Angevins de Naples, Paris 1954

Lock P., Οι Φράγκοι στο Αιγαίο (1204-1500), Αθήνα 1998

Lopez R.S., Sù e giù per la storia di Genova, Genova 1975

Thiriet Fr., La Romanie vénitienne au Moyen Age. Le developpemnt et l’ exploitation du domaine colonial vénitien (XII-XVe s.). Paris 1975

Μαλτέζου Χρ. (επιμ.), ΄Οψεις της ιστορίας του βενετοκρατούμενου Ελληνισμού. Αρχειακά τεκμήρια, Αθήνα 1993

Ντούρου-Ηλιοπούλου Μ., Από τη δυτική Ευρώπη στην ανατολική Μεσόγειο. Οι σταυροφορικές ηγεμονίες στη Ρωμανία (13ος-15ος αι.). Πολιτικές και θεσμικές πραγματικότητες, Αθήνα 2012

Ντούρου-Ηλιοπούλου Μ., Οι Δυτικοί στη Ρωμανία (13ος-15ος αι.). Μια ερευνητική προσέγγιση, Αθήνα 2013

Ντούρου-Ηλιοπούλου Μ., Φράγκοι και Βενετοί στη Ρωμανία. Αρχειακά τεκμήρια, Classica et Varia XVI, Ηρόδοτος, Αθήνα 2016

Παπαδία – Λάλα Αν., Ο θεσμός των αστικών κοινοτήτων στον ελληνικό χώρο κατά την περίοδο της βενετοκρατίας (13ος-18ος αι.). Μια συνθετική προσέγγιση, Βενετία 2004




Winter Semester


Subject: Reconceptualizations and treatment of madness in Western societies, 16th-19th centuries


Summary: Till the mid-17th century, people considered to be mad were not treated as a special category of social deviants, but were part of the broader marginal populations in towns and the countryside. One century later, the situation had drastically changed; those considered to be mad were now confined to specialized asylums, often under state control. In this new environment, madness was treated as a medical problem, to be tackled by the newly-emerging specialists, the “mad doctors”. The conventional historical interpretation of these changes in the perception and treatment of madness was imbued with the classical linear conception, pointing to the coming together, from the 18th century onwards, of “creative forces”, such as humanitarianism, the scientific revolution, and the take-over of the treatment of the insane by the new state mechanisms; ultimately, this presented the changes in the perception and treatment of madness as another manifestation of the “progressive direction of humanity”. Michel Foucault’s History of Madness in the Classical Age (1963) represented the major break with this interpretative tradition; the work, which sharply divided the academic community, is now being considered as the “classic” in the new history of madness. Supporters as well as opponents of the Foucauldian theory agree that its greatest contribution was to highlight that madness was a variable, social and cultural construct of each era, and,  subsequently, that the history of insanity should be viewed as constitutive part of the history of sanity. Critically following the Foucauldian interpretation, the seminar  will attempt to highlight, through the examination of changing perceptions of mad, insane behaviour, the socio-cultural norms and priorities of the “sane societies” from the 16th to the 19th centuries.


Selected bibliography


Foucault M., Η ιστορία της τρέλας στην κλασική εποχή, ελλ. μετ. Καλέντη Αθήνα 2006 (η πλήρης έκδοση του έργου)

Gutting G., “Foucault and the history of madness”, G.Gutting (επιμ.), The Cambridge Companion to Foucault, Cambridge 1994

McDonald M., Mystical Bedlam: Madness, Anxiety and Healing in Seventeenth-Century England, Cambridge 1981

Midelfort Ε., A History of Madness in Sixteenth-Century Germany, Stanford 2000

Porter R., A Social History of Madness - Stories of the Insane, Phoenix, 1987

Porter R., Bynum W. F. and Shepherd M. (επιμ.), The Anatomy of Madness: Essays in the History of Psychiatry, vol. II, Institutions and Society, London 1985.

Porter R., Bynum W. F. and Shepherd M. (επιμ.), Mind Forg’d Manacles: A History of Madness in England from the Restoration to the Regency, London 1987.

Scull A., The Most Solitary of Afflictions: Madness and Society in Britain, 1700 - 1900, New Haven 1993

Scull A., Masters of Bedlam. The Transformation of the Mad-Doctoring Trade, New Jersey 1996

Scull A., Museums of Madness: The Social Organization of Insanity in Nineteenth-Century England, London 1979

Scull A. & Andrews J.,  Customers and Patrons of the Mad-Trade: The  Management  of Lunacy in Eighteenth-Century London, With the Complete Text of John Monro's 1766 Case Book, Berkeley 2002

Stone L., “Madness”, The Past and the Present Revisited, London 1987



Winter semester


Subject: Nations and Nationalism in Modern Europe


Selected Bibliography


Λέκκας Π., Η εθνικιστική ιδεολογία. Πέντε υποθέσεις εργασίας στην ιστορική κοινωνιολογία. Αθήνα 1992.

Connor W., Ethnonationalism. Princeton 1994.

Gellner E., Έθνη και εθνικισμός. (Μετάφραση). Αθήνα 1992.

Hayes C., The historical evolution of modern nationalism. New York 1931.

Hobsbawn E.J., Έθνη και εθνικισμός από το 1780 μέχρι σήμερα (Πρόγραμμα, μύθος, πραγματικότητα). (Μετάφραση). Αθήνα 1994.

Kedourie E., Nationalism. London 1962.

Kohn H., Nationalism: its meaning and history. Prinston 1955.

Kohn H., The idea of nationalism. New York 1967.

Pinson, K.S. (ed.), Nationalism and history. Philadelphia 1958.

Reinharz J.- Mosse G.L., The impact of western nationalism. London 1992.

Sathyamurthy T., Nationalism in the contemporary world. London 1983.

Schafer B.C., Nationalism, myth and reality. New York 1955.

Seton - Watson H., An enquiry into the origins of nations. Oxford 1977.

Seton- Watson H., Nationalism, old and new. London 1965.

Smith Antony D., Ethnicity and nationalism. Leyden 1992.

Smith Antony D., National identity. London 1991.

Smith Antony, D. The ethnics origins of nations. Oxford 1986.

Smith Antony D., Theories of nationalism. London 1971.

Snyder L., The meaning of nationalism. New Brunswick 1954.

Snyder L., The new nationalism. Ithaca 1968.

Teich M. - Porter R., The national question in western Europe in historical context. Cambridge 1993.



Spring Semester


Subject: Gender and Society in 19th and 20th century Europe: The case of middle und upper classes


Summary: The seminar deals with gender aspects of εuropean societies focusing on the middle, especially the upper middle, classes and the nobility. It examines mens’ and women’s positions in family, social, political and economic life as well as the terms in which male superiority and female inferiority were being constructed and reproduced. Finally, it examines the long process of women’s emancipation which gradually changed male dominated societies in modern Europe.


Selected Bibliography


Αβδελά Έ. - Ψαρρά Α. (επιμ.), Σιωπηρές ιστορίες: Γυναίκες και φύλο στην ιστορική αφήγηση, Αθήνα 1997

Βαρίκα Ε., Με διαφορετικό πρόσωπο: Φύλο, διαφορά και οικουμενικότητα. Αθήνα 2000

Χάφτον Ό., Ιστορία των γυναικών στην Ευρώπη (1500-1800), Αθήνα 2003

Anderson B. - Zinsser J., A History of their Own. Women in Europe from Prehistory to the Present, vol. II, New York 1989

Bock G., Women in European History, Oxford 2002

Diemel C., Adelige Frauen im bürgerlichen Jahrhundert. Hofdamen, Stiftsdamen, Salondamen 1800-1870, Frankfurt 1998

Duby G. - Perrot M. (επιμ.), Γυναίκες και ιστορία: Πρακτικά συμποσίου, Σορβόννη 13-14 Νοεμβρίου 1992, Αθήνα, Ελληνικά Γράμματα 1995

Duby G. - Perrot M. (επιμ.), A History of the Women in the West: IV. Emerging Feminism from Revolution to World War

Duby G. - Perrot M. (επιμ.), Feminism from the revolution to World War, Cambridge 1993

Duby G. - Perrot M. (επιμ.), A History of the Women in the West: V. Toward a cultural Identity in the Twentieth Century

Frader L. - Rose S. (επιμ.), Gender and Class in Modern Europe, Cornell UP, Ithaca/ London 1996

Frevert U. (επιμ.), Bürgerinnen und Bürger. Geschlechterverhältnisse im 19. Jahrhundert, Göttingen 1988

Frevert U. (επιμ.), Frauen-Geschichte. Zwischen Bürgerlicher Verbesserung und Neuer Weiblichkeit, Frankfurt 1986

Lieven D., The Aristocracy in Europe 1815-1914, Columbia UP 1994

Montgomery F., - Collette C. (επιμ.), The European Womens History Reader, London 2002

Schmale W., Geschichte der Männlichkeit in Europa 1450-2000, Βιέννη 2003

Scott J., Feminism and History, Oxford 1996

Scott J., Gender and the Politics of History, New York 1999



Spring semester


Subject: Economy and Foreign Policy in Modern Europe


Summary: The seminar examines the relation between economy and politics in Modern Europe. It is specifically analyzed, how economy in general (production, accumulation of capital, trade) affects the international relations of a state, and further how the seeking of the targets of a foreign policy leads a state to exercise a certain economic policy.

The seminar is divided in two parts: analysis of the relevant works in the first part, presentations of papers on special themes by the students in the second one.


Selected Bibliography


Clapham J.H., The economic development of France and Germany, 1815-1914, Cambridge 1921(Α’ έκδοση).

Fieldhouse D.K., Economics and empire (1830-1914), London 1973.

Hodgart A., The economics of European imperialism, New York 1977.

Kaiser D.E., Economic Diplomacy and the origins of the second world war. Germany, France and Easter Europe, 1930-39, Princeton 1980.

Kennedy P., Strategy and Diplomacy 1870-1945, London 1984.

Langer W., The diplomacy of imperialism, New York 1972.

Platt D.C.M., Finance, trade and politics, 1815-1914, Oxford 1968.

Ponteil F., La Mediterranée et les puissances, Paris 1964.

Remouvin P. – Duroselle J.B., Εισαγωγή εις την ιστορίαν των διεθνών σχέσεων, (μετάφραση), Τόμος Α’, Αθήνα 1977.

Remouvin P., Histoire des relations intenationales. Τόμοι 5-8, Παρίσι

The New Cambridge Modern History, Τόμοι VII-VIII. Cambridge.