English homepage » Postgraduate Studies » Departmental Programme » Seminars » Archaeology and History of Art » Byzantine Archaeology

Seminars of Byzantine Archaeology







Between tradition and innovation: Post-Byzantine art during 16th century

G. Pallis



Interdisciplinary Postgraduate Seminar «Nikos Oikonomides»

University of Athens – Department of History & Archaeology

in collaboration with the Institute for Historical Research / Section for Byzantine Research / National Hellenic Research Foundation


Aegean Islands from mid-10th to mid-15th c. Introversion and extroversion, byzantine tradition and new influences.

T. Maniati-Kokkini and S. Kalopissi-Verti (in collaboration with S. Lampakis)


Constantinople, 4th – 7th c.: transformations in the monumental topography of a capital city.

P. Petridis - M. Panayotidi-Kesisoglou



Winter semester


Subject: Between tradition and innovation: Post-Byzantine art during 16th century


Summary: 16th century is marked by significant development in the architecture and the arts of Greek-Orthodox population living under Ottoman and Latin rule. Church architecture, wall painting and minor arts flourish again, based on the long established Βyzantine tradition. Inevitably, the culture of the powers that dominate Greek lands influence the making of post-Byzantine art, which adapts various aspects of them, in different ways. The seminary aims to study the most significant artistic achievements of this period and to investigate the role of the Ottoman and Western art of the era in the innovation of the Βyzantine tradition.


Selective bibliography

Αχειμάστου-Ποταμιάνου Μ., Οι τοιχογραφίες της Μονής των Φιλανθρωπηνών στο νησί των Ιωαννίνων, Αθήνα 2004. 

Βογιατζής Σ., Συμβολή στην ιστορία της εκκλησιαστικής αρχιτεκτονικής της Κεντρικής Ελλάδος κατά το 16ο αιώνα: οι μονές του Αγίου Βησσαρίωνος (Δούσικο) και του Οσίου Νικάνορος (Ζάβορδα). Τετράδια Χριστιανικής Αρχαιολογίας και Τέχνης 7, Αθηνά 2000.

Βοκοτόπουλος Π.Λ., Εικόνες της Κέρκυρας, Αθήνα 1990.

Bouras Ch., The Βyzantine tradition in the church architecture of the Balkans in the 16th and 17th centuries, in: Yiannias, J. J. (επ.). Η βυζαντινή παράδοση μετά την Άλωση της Κωνσταντινούπολης, Αθήνα 2008², 107-150.

Δωρή-Δεληγιάννη Ε., Επιβίωση της βυζαντινής και νέες μορφές της μεταβυζαντινής αρχιτεκτονικής, Αθήνα 1993.

Κορρέ-Ζωγράφου Κ., Τα κεραμεικά του Ελληνικού χώρου, Αθήνα 1995.

Κωνσταντουδάκη-Κιτρομηλίδου Μ., Η κρητική ζωγραφική του δέκατου πέμπτου και δέκατου έκτου αιώνα στο ευρωπαϊκό πλαίσιο της εποχής, Πεπραγμένα Ι' Διεθνούς Κρητολογικού Συνεδρίου (Χανιά, 1-8 Οκτωβρίου 2006), τ. Α΄, Χανιά 2011, 469-486.

Μπαλλιάν Ά., Εκκλησιαστικά ασημικά από την Κωνσταντινούπολη και ο πατριαρχικός θρόνος του Ιερεμία Β’, ΔΚΜΣ 7, 1988-89, 51-73.

Μπορμπουδάκης Μ. (επιμ.), Εικόνες της Κρητικής Τέχνης. Από το Χάνδακα ως τη Μόσχα και την Αγία Πετρούπολη, Κατάλογος Έκθεσης, Βικελαία Βιβλιοθήκη, Ηράκλειο 1993.

Ντούρος Α. – Χατζηαντωνίου Φ. – Κακλαμάνος Δ. (επιμ.), Το Άγιον Όρος στον 15ο και 16ο αιώνα. Πνευματικός βίος, ιστορία και τέχνη, Θεσσαλονίκη 2011.

Τσιγαρίδας Ευ. Ν., Θεοφάνης ο Κρης, κορυφαίος ζωγράφος του 16ου αιώνα, Θεσσαλονίκη 2016.

Χατζηδάκης Μ., Έλληνες ζωγράφοι μετά την Άλωση (1450-1830), Αθήνα 1987.



T. MANIATI-KOKKINI AND S. KALOPISSI-VERTI (in collaboration with S. Lampakis (NHRF/SBR)

Spring semester


Subject: Aegean Islands from mid-10th to mid-15th c. Introversion and extroversion, byzantine tradition and new influences.


Summary: Many of the islands scattered throughout the Aegean sea, be it small or large, appear in byzantine and later sources as part of the Eastern Roman empire at first, and of the Western-dominated area or the Ottoman empire later. Their importance for administrative organization, defensive policy, socioeconomic life, as well as cultural and artistic activity, changes depending on circumstances and general policy of the Byzantine state and its subsequent rulers.

The period after mid-10th c. and repossession of Crete in 961 until mid-15th c., during which one can see the developments in the area of the Aegean islands in relation to the mainland regions surrounding them from Asia Minor and Macedonia to the Peloponnese, is particularly interesting. During that period, some islands flourish particularly whereas others lose almost their entire population; moreover, most of them experience effects deriving from decisive events such as the Sack of Constantinople in 1204. Thus, the historical course of these islands varies, especially in relation to the end of the byzantine era and the beginning of the post-byzantine era, when they gradually fall under western or ottoman authority.

This general theme and its most important parameters will be the object of the seminar and lectures. More specifically, there will be a discussion – focusing on the aforementioned geographical region  – on the relations between the Byzantine state(of the last Macedonian rulers, the Komnenoi, the Angeloi, the Laskarids and the Palaiologoi) with the aspiring eastern and western contenders and rulers of the “Byzantine region”, as well as the social and economic circumstances, the legal or illegal navigation and commercial activity, developments of institutions, religious matters and literary production.

In art, there will be an analysis of monuments mirroring historical and social developments, decisive changes in dominating powers, geo-political transpositions and movements of people, as well as religious conflicts and intellectual interests. Representative examples include: Chios, with the imperial foundation of the Nea Moni; Patmos, with the Monastery of Saint John the Evangelist; Rhodes and the smaller islands of the Dodecanese; Naxos, with an abundance of monuments; Andros; Euboia; and of course Crete, with its rich artistic production.



Selected Bibliography


Αχειμάστου-Ποταμιάνου Μυρτάλη, Άγιος Γεώργιος ο Διασορίτης της Νάξου. Οι τοιχογραφίες του 11ου αιώνα, Αθήνα 2016.

Η Βυζαντινή Άνδρος (4ος-12ος αιώνας). Πρακτικά επιστημονικής συνάντησης, Αθήνα, 20 Μαρτίου 2015, Γ. Πάλλης (επιστ. επιμ.), [Ανδριακά Χρονικά - 43, Καίρειος Βιβλιοθήκη] Άνδρος 2016.

Χατζηδάκης Μ. κ.ά., Νάξος, Αθήνα 1989.

Διεθνές Συμπόσιο. Ι. Μονή Αγ. Ιωάννου του Θεολόγου, 900 χρόνια ιστορικής μαρτυρίας, 1088-1988 (Πάτμος, 22-24 Σεπτεμβρίου 1988), Πρακτικά, [Διπτύχων Παράφυλλα, 2] Αθήνα 1989.

Koder J., Aigaion Pelagos (Dienördliche Agäis), [Tabula Imperii Byzantini 10.B.] Unter Mitarbeit von Peter Soustal und Alice Koder, Wien 1998.

Κρήτη. Ιστορία και Πολιτισμός, Ν.Μ. Παναγιωτάκης (επιστ. επιμ.), τόμος δεύτερος, Κρήτη 1988.

Malamut Elisabeth, Les Iles de l'empire byzantin VIIIe - XIIe siècles, I-II, [Byzantina Sorbonensia, 8] Paris 1988.

Μουρίκη Ντούλα, Τα ψηφιδωτά της Νέας Μονής Χίου, τόμ. 1-2, Αθήνα 1985.

Οικονομίδης Ν., Η Εγγραμματωσύνη των Κρητικών γύρω στο 1200, Πεπραγμένα του Ζ' Διεθνούς Κρητολογικού Συνεδρίου, Ρέθυμνο 1995, 593-598.

Οι Θησαυροί της Μονής Πάτμου, Α. Κομίνης (γεν. εποπτεία), Αθήνα 1988.

Tsougarakis D., Byzantine Crete. From the 5th Century to the Venetian Conquest, [Historical Monographs, 4] Athens 1988.



Spring Semester


Subject: Constantinople, 4th – 7th c.: transformations in the monumental topographyof a capitalcity.


Summary: Since its foundation as the new capital of the Empire in the 4th c. and until the 7th century, Constantinople did not cease to grow and expand in terms of both geological formation and urban planning. Its monumental center, as well as the city's periphery, following the imperatives of each era and the self-promotion of the emperors, are gradually transformed from a late antique model city in to what will be its medieval face. The seminar will explore the mechanisms of this urban development and the role of the various actors. Furthermore, reference will be made to its monuments and to the art that becomes apparent in the capital and spreads out in the periphery.


Selected Bibliography


Anadol Ç ( ed.), Sakip Sabanci Museum, 2010

Anderson B., “Public Clocks in late antique and early medieval Constantinople” JÖB 64 (2014) 23-32.

Bardill Jonathan, «The Golden Gate in Constantinople: A Triumphal Arch of Theodosius I», AJA 103, 1999, 671-696.

Bardill Jonathan, Brickstamps of Constantinople, New York, 2003

Bardill Jonathan, Eglise Saint-Polyeucte à Constantinople: nouvelle solution pour l’énigme de sa reconstitution, in : Spieser Jean-Michel (éd.), Architecture paléochrétienne, Fribourg 2011

Bassett Sarah, The urban image of late antique Constantinople, Cambridge - New York, 2004

Bayliss Richard, Crow James, «The water supply of Constantinople», Anatolian Archaeology, 8 (2002), 21-23

Berger Albrecht, «Streets and public spaces in Constantinople», Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 54 (2000), 161-172

Berger Albrecht, Κωνσταντινούπολη. Ιστορία, Τοπογραφία, Θρησκεία (μτφρ. Τσατσούλης Χρ.), Αθήνα 2013.

Χατζηλαζάρου Δημήτριος, Η Βασίλειος στοά και η σύνθεση του μνημειακού κέντρου της Κωνσταντινούπολης. Τοπογραφία, λειτουργίες, Συμβολισμοί (διδακτ. Διατρ., Αθήνα 2016).

Constantinople and its hinterland: papers from the Twenty-seventh Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, Oxford, April 1993,ed. by Cyril Mango and Gilbert Dagron, Aldershot, Variorum, 1995

Crow J., Bardill J. and Bayliss R, The water supply of Byzantine Constantinople, London 2008

Dagron Gilbert, Constantinople imaginaire: études sur le recueil des Patria, Paris (Bibliothèque byzantine. Etudes 8)

Dagron Gilbert, Naissance d'une capitale: Constantinople et ses institutions de 330 à 451, Paris, 1974

Daim Falko (ed.), Die byzantinischen Häfen Konstantinopels, Mainz 2016

Deichmann F.W., Studien zur Architektur Konstantinopel sim 5. und 6. Jahrhunert nach Christus, Baden-Baden 1954.

Ducellier Alain, Balard Michel (ed.), Constantinople: tête de la chrétienté, proie des Latins, capitale grecque, Paris, 1996

Firatli Nezih, La sculpture byzantine figurée au Musée archéologique d'Istanbul, catal. rev. et présenté par C. Metzger, A. Pralong et J.-P. Sodini, trad. turque par A. Arel, Paris, 1990

Grabar André, Sculptures byzantines de Constantinople: (IVe - Xe siècle), Paris, 1963

Guilland Rodolphe, Etudes de topographie de Constantinople byzantine, Berlin - Amsterdam, 1969

Guberti Bassett S., «The Antiquities in the Hippodrome of Constantinople», DOP 45, 1991, 87-96.

Gün Işiğinda. Istanbul’un 8000 yılı. Marmaray, Metro ve Sultanahmet kazıları, Istanbul 2007.

Harries J., «'Pius princeps': Theodosius II and fifth-century Constantinople», New Constantines: the rhythm of imperial renewal in Byzantium, 4th-13th centuries, ed. by Paul Magdalino, Aldershot, Variorum,1994, 35-44

Harrisson R. M., Excavations at Saraçhane in Istanbul. Volume 1, The Excavations, Structures, Architectural Decoration, Small Finds, Coins, Bones and Molluscs, Princeton - Washington (D.C.), 1986

Hayes J. W., Excavations at Saraçhane in Istanbul. Volume 2, The Pottery, Princeton (N.J.) - Washington (D.C.) 1992

HenckN., «Constantius ο Φιλοκτίστης?»DOP 55, 2001, 279-304.

Janin Raymond, Constantinople byzantine: développement urbain et répertoire topographique, Paris, 1950

Jobst Werner, Istanbul, the Great Palace mosaic: the story of its exploration, preservation and exhibition, 1983-1997, Istanbul, 1997

Magdalino Paul, Constantinople médiévale. Etudes sur l'évolution desstructures urbaines, Paris, 1996

Mango Cyril, «Constantinopolitana», Studies on Constantinople, Aldershot, Variorum, 1993

Mango Cyril, Le développement urbain de Constantinople: IVe-VIIe siècles, Paris, 1990

Mathews Thomas, The early churches of Constantinople: architecture and liturgy, London, 1971

Müller-Wiener Wolfgang, Bildlexikon zur Topographie Istanbuls: Byzantion-Konstantinoupolis-Istanbul bis zum Beginn des 17. Jahrhunderts, Tübingen, 1977

Pitarakis B.(ed), Hippodrom. A Stage for istanbul’s History, Pera Museum Publication 39, 2010.

Sodini Jean-Pierre, «Images sculptées et propagande impériale du IVe au VIe siècle: recherches récentes sur les colonnes honorifiques et les reliefs politiques à Byzance», Byzance et les images, sous la dir. d'André Guillou et de Jannic Durand, Paris, 1994, 41-94

Studien zur Frühgeschichte Konstantinopels, hrsg. von Hans-Georg Beck, München, 1973

Van Millingen Alexander, Byzantine Constantinople: The Walls of the City and Adjoining Historical Sites, London, 1899